- Some professors use “Chicago Style” and “Turabian Style” interchangeably although they are not exactly the same. Kate Turabian, the dissertation secretary at the University of Chicago, used The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) to create a style guide for students working on a paper, thesis, or dissertation. CMS was meant for publishers, editors, and authors of journal articles. Whenever there is a question, consult your professor on her or his preferences
- CMS/Turabian is used in history, art history, political science, geography, anthropology, and even biology, depending on the professor teaching the course.
- There are three different styles of CMS/Turabian:
- bibliography style with endnotes,
- bibliography style with footnotes, and
- author-date style.
Be sure to ask your professor which one he or she prefers if you are asked to use CMS/Turabian in one of your classes. This tip sheet covers only “bibliography style” with both end– and footnotes.
Why should you use Chicago style?
Chicago Style allows you to use other people’s ideas to support your own. You just have to make sure to document the source you are paraphrasing or quoting, so that readers can distinguish between your ideas and someone else’s ideas.
In other words, CMS/Turabian protects you against plagiarism!